The Plasma transferred arc welding (PTAW) is widely used for hardfacing components exposed to severe conditions. Without post welding heat treatments, large tensile residual stresses remain in the hardfacing coating, which is detrimental. In this paper, a set of post welding heat treatments was evaluated for the heat-resistant steel substrate – Co-based alloy hardfacing coating system. Microstructural and mechanical properties, including the chemical phases of coating surface, the microstructure of coating surface, the Vickers hardness and the residual welding stress, were investigated before and after the heat treatments. Results revealed that during the heat treatments, some elements reprecipitated and the secondary carbide Cr23C6 was formed. After the treatments, a more regular structure and a higher Vickers hardness were obtained. Moreover, the tensile residual stresses in the coating decreased significantly. Therefore, it can be inferred that the post welding heat treatments employed in this paper were proper for this material system.