Temperature plays a vital role in the machining industry today. A Nickel-Chrome versus Nickel-Silicon thin-film thermocouple system has been established for measuring instantaneous workpiece temperature in chemical explosive material machining. The NiCr/NiSi thin-film thermocouples have been deposited inside high speed steel cutters by magnetron sputtering. The typical deposition conditions are summarized. Static and dynamic calibrations of the NiCr/NiSi thin-film thermocouples are presented. The Seebeck coefficient of the TFTC is 40.4 μV/°C which is almost the same as that of NiCr/NiSi wire thermocouple. The response time is about 0.42ms. The testing results indicate that the developed NiCr/NiSi thin-film thermocouple sensors can respond fast enough to catch the very short temperature pulse and perform excellently when machining chemical explosive material in situ.