Paper Title:
Processing and Characterization of Palm Fiber-Polypropylene Composites
  Abstract

Composites of palm fiber and polypropylene were compounded using a mixing device at various temperatures, mixing times, and mixing intensities. Two mixing options were utilized. Either the mixing device was mounted with a mixer or a single screw extruder. The composites were subsequently injection molded into standard tensile specimens for mechanical characterization. Tests were performed to determine the effects of processing parameters such as the mixing and molding temperatures, mixing speed, and mixing time on the mechanical performance of the palm-polypropylene composite. The optimum processing conditions for the mixer were determined to be: Mixing Speed = 50 rpm, Mixing Time = 8 min, and Processing Temperature = 200°C. Optimum extruder conditions, on the other hand, were determined as 40 rpm extruder screw speed and processing temperatures of Zone 1=195°C, Zone 2=200°C, Zone 3=205°C, and Nozzle 210°C. Use of the extruder resulted in higher composite strength with much shorter processing time. Further studies are also being conducted to include coupling agents in the processing to improve the interfacial adhesion between the palm fibers and the polypropylene matrix.

  Info
Periodical
Key Engineering Materials (Volumes 471-472)
Edited by
S.M. Sapuan, F. Mustapha, D.L. Majid, Z. Leman, A.H.M. Ariff, M.K.A. Ariffin, M.Y.M. Zuhri, M.R. Ishak and J. Sahari
Pages
145-150
DOI
10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.471-472.145
Citation
R. Kahraman, S. Abbasi, B. Abu-Sharkh, "Processing and Characterization of Palm Fiber-Polypropylene Composites", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 471-472, pp. 145-150, 2011
Online since
February 2011
Export
Price
$32.00
Share

In order to see related information, you need to Login.

In order to see related information, you need to Login.

Authors: Qiang Yuan, Dong Yang Wu, Stuart Bateman, Shirley Zhiqi Shen, C. Gloria-Esparza, Kenong Xia
Abstract:The conductivity and mechanical properties of carbon black (CB) filled polyethylene (PE) composites depend on the conductive filler,...
131
Authors: Sean Lim, Jeremy Liu, Krishnan Jayaraman
Abstract:Wastes such as saw dust (Pinus Radiata) and milk bottles (High Density Polyethylene - HDPE) are available in abundance. HDPE bars and...
299
Authors: Abdan Khalina, E.S. Zainudin, Abdul Rahman Mohd Faizal, H. Jalaluddin, A.H. Umar, W.N.W.N. Syuhada
Abstract:Nowadays, natural fibre-thermoplastics composites (NFPC) are replacing the conventional wood and timber due to its lower cost, avoid...
239
Authors: Muhamad Rasyidi Husin, Mat Uzir Wahit, Mohammed Rafiq Abdul Kadir, Wan Aizan Wan Abd. Rahman
Abstract:The biomaterial composites consisting of a polymer with a matrix addition of particulate bioactive phase that analogous to the bone...
303
Authors: Yan Wu, Ding Guo Zhou, Si Qun Wang, Yang Zhang, Xin Wang, Hai Yan Mao
Abstract:In this study, rice straw (Oryza sativa L.) fibril and fibril aggregates (RSFs) material isolated by high intensity ultrasonication (HIUS)...
1877