This paper introduces the empirical mode decomposition and Hilbert transform principle. The validity and superiority of Hilbert—Huang transform is proved by MATLAB simulation experiment on computer. Finally, HHT method is used to analyze the collected blasting vibration signal as an example. Research shows that EMD method can process this kind of non-stationary signal such as blasting vibration effectively. Each IMF component decomposed by EMD has clear physical meaning. IMF is determined by signal itself. It has no base function and is adaptive. It can extract main characteristics of signal change and is suitable for analysis of blasting vibration signal which has the features of fast mutation and attenuation. The distribution of time-frequency-energy can be quantitatively described by HHT.