Cinnamomum camphora is a famous non-wood tree, which can be used to extract camphor, C. camphora oil and its ramification. It is an excellent timber tree and evanescence species with the road. Researches about the chemical composition of C. camphora root wood is very less, this restricts the development and utilization of the root of C. camphora. Therefore, we used Py-GC/MS technology to analyze the high-grade resource recovering approaches of C. camphora root wood. After treated with freeze-drying and smashing, samples were extracted by the acetone extraction. After concentration and refrigeration dry, the comminuted power of C. camphora root wood was pyrolyzed in He atmosphere at 750°C, then the pyrolysis product was analyzed by online linked GC/MS. Relative content of each component was determined by area normalization. The analytical result showed that C. camphora root wood can be used as top value-added materials of biomedicine, and also as the materials of bioenergy, perfume, cosmetic, food, dye and industrial solvent.