In this study, a new electric power generation measurement system was developed for piezoelectric energy harvesting using unimorph-type piezoceramics. Relationships between electric power and material constants such as d33, d31, g31, k31, e33T/e0, s11E, Qe and Qm were investigated using various lead zirconium titanate (Pb(Zr,Ti)O3, PZT) ceramics with different material constants. Using the equipment, pulse-type stress was applied to unimorph-type piezoceramics. Then, optimum measurement conditions were determined. Under these conditions, the electric power for piezoelectric energy harvesting was measured as a function of the material constants. Finally, it was clarified that for piezoelectric energy harvesting using a unimorph-type device, the figure of merit was combination of the 3 kinds of material constants such as large d31, small e33T/e0, and large s11E.