The grinding fluid can realize its function of cooling and lubricating only when it breaks through the airflow barrier around the wheel and enter into the high pressure area between wheel and workiece. The grinding fluid with different jet angles and different flow quantity has the different effect of cooling and lubricating in the grinding process. The experimental research of grinding fluid jet flow is carried out in cylindrical grinding process and the affecting mechanism of the grinding fluid injection angles and quantity on the surface integrity are analyzed based on the cylindrical grinding under the less grinding fluid conditions in this paper. It is obtained that the surface integrity of the workpiece processed at 35° fluid jet angle is superior to that of the workpiece processed at 0° fluid injection angle. It is also obtained that the more the fluid quantity is, the better the surface quality is to some extent. It provides research foundation for designing the supplying parameters of the grinding fluid and realizing the grinding process with the less grinding fluid flow.