Fiber reinforced concrete is superior to plain concrete in toughness, which is the energy absorption at fracture. This study is intended to use fibers extracted from bamboo for tensile reinforcement of concrete. Some experiments were carried out to explore the possibility of bamboo fiber reinforced concrete. As a result, the compressive strength of concrete with 1-2% bamboo fiber is little different from the case without reinforcement. On the other, the splitting tensile and the flexural strength significantly increased with an increased volume fraction of fibers. The strength of bamboo fiber reinforced concrete increased with increasing fiber content as a result of fiber bridging.