The temperature monitoring on the surface of the railway brake disc was performed using high-speed infrared (IR) camera. The railway brake disc was developed for disc braking of maximum train speed of 180 km/h. The braking tests were conducted with a full scale dynamometer, and a high-speed infrared camera was employed to monitor temperature evolution on the brake disc during braking operation. The high-speed IR camera provides the measurement of temperature change during braking as well as the images of temperature contour on the brake disc surface. In general, the hot spot generation has been considered the main degradation mechanism in railway brake disc. In this investigation, damage evolution due to generation of hot spots on railway brake disc was investigated using the infrared thermography method.