It was demonstrated that microstructured surfaces improve cell spreading and bone ingrowth. Particularly, the surface roughness modulates the osseointegration of orthopaedic and dental implants. We have developed an innovative grit blasting process using Biphasic Calcium Phosphate, a Resorbable Biocompatible Blast Media (RBBM). PEEK is biocompatible but an inert material, involving no direct bone bonding. Implants coming from a rabbit experimental study, were processed for X-rays Micro tomography. Light microscopy and SEM were performed.It was demonstrated in this study that the surface treatment on PEEK improve the quality of bone architecture in direct contact with the sample surface, compared to the classical surface of PEEK. These data demonstrate that PEEK rough surface obtained by RBBM blasting maintain high biocompatibility and bone osteoconduction, and promote higher stability of the implant.