Acquiring the information for rural settlement timely and accurately has an important significance for construction and development of rural areas. The development of remote sensing technology provides advanced means of the acquirement of the information of settlement. The study of extracting rural settlement information from Quickbird images in Xindu district, Chengdu City, P.R.of China was discussed here. Firstly, The Quickbird images such as panchromatic image and multi-spectral images were processed by geometric correction, enhancement and fusion. Secondly, the homogeneous image objects were formed by using multi-scale segmentation technology based on knowledge. Thirdly, the features such spectral feature, spatial relationship feature, texture feature and geometric feature of the image objects were obtained for each image object by using feature calculation. Fourthly, the feature knowledge of rural settlement unit and its component were obtained by using knowledge discovering. Finally, the rural settlement unit and its component information were extracted by matching the features with the feature knowledge of rural settlement unit and its component based on reasoning. It was shown that the rural settlement unit and its component information can be effectively extracted from Quickbird images by using our proposed method in this paper.