Paper Title:
Dependence of Titanium Deposition upon Its Ionic State in Molten Salt
  Abstract

The ionic valence of Ti changed with electrorefining process of Ti in a bath equi-molar mixture of NaCl-KCl containing TiCln (n=2 or 3); The average valence was about 2.3 initially, and became about 2.1 after electrolysis. The cathodic current efficiency was getting better with electrolysis. It should be necessary to maintain the average ionic valence lower for efficient electrolysis in the molten salt. The dominant Ti ion and its electrode reaction changed with the addition of NaF-KF in the molten salt; The average valence shifted from about 2 to about 3, and the total amount of Ti in the bath decreased. The result indicates the disproportionation reaction: 3Ti2+ = Ti + 2Ti3+ is induced by the fluoride addition. The quantity of electricity for Ti deposition changed consequently, and the purity of the Ti deposit was also affected.

  Info
Periodical
Materials Science Forum (Volumes 449-452)
Edited by
S.-G. Kang and T. Kobayashi
Pages
453-456
DOI
10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.449-452.453
Citation
T. Takenaka, M. Kawakami, N. Suda, "Dependence of Titanium Deposition upon Its Ionic State in Molten Salt", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 449-452, pp. 453-456, 2004
Online since
March 2004
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$32.00
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