A new approach for the CTE on the basis of Ashelby.s cutting and welding process was made for the analysis of the thermal expansion behaviors of Al-Si alloys and composites. In this theoretical approach, it was considered that relaxation of residual stress could create an elastoplastic zone in the matrix around a particle during cooling. A comparison of the measured CTEs with the calculated ones for the Al-Si-SiCp and Al-Si-Al2O3 composite systems was performed in terms of the volume percent and the size of reinforced phases. The calculated results revealed that the linear CTE of the both composite depends on the size of the reinforce phases, especially at the composite systems with a low volume percent of the reinforce phases. The increase in the volume percentages of Al2O3, SiCp and Si phase lowers the linear CTEs of the systems. The measured CTEs was deviated less than about ten percents from the calculated ones at composites with a high volume percent. The deviations of the CTEs of reinforced phases are about 4 - 6 vol% from real composite systems.