Aiming at the existent problems in the application of high efficiency grinding, some countermeasures are put forward to further exploit its potential, including the topography optimization design for high efficiency grinding wheel and cooling enhancement technology with jet impingement in grinding zone. The optimization model advanced here can be used to optimize the grinding wheel topography for different grinding processes with the minimum specific grinding energy. The cooling enhancement technology employed in creep feed deep grinding experiment of titanium alloy shows remarkable cooling capability. It is able to steadily control the temperature on workpiece surface at an extremely low lever under 100°C,when the workpiece is seriously burn with the conventional coolant supply. Further studies on the combination of these two countermeasures will not only enable us to increase the available material removal rate to a new lever but also solve the workpiece burn problem for those difficult-to-machining materials in high efficiency grinding.