A2O3/YAG/ZrO2 eutectic Melt-Growth-Composites (MGCs) were unidirectionally solidified by the modified-pulling-down method (MPD) and the Bridgman type method, in which a crucible was brought down at different speeds. The microstructures and crystallographic textures were studied by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) and electron backscattered pattern (EBSP) method. The high-temperature strength was investigated by compression tests. All MGC rods show strong preferred growing orientation, although the structural size of eutectic microstructure among MGC rods was different. The high-temperature strength of MGC rods is dependent on orientation, compression temperature and strain rate. The high-temperature strength of MGC rods is controlled by the anisotropic strength of constituent Al2O3, as well as the structural size of eutectic microstructure.