Fracture behavior under multiaxial stress state of polycrystalline alumina was studied from the view point of an artificial crack propagation and fracture from a natural flaw. The former was studied by mixed-mode fracture toughness tests; asymmetric four-point bending and diametral compression techniques were carried out using precracked and notched specimens. The latter was studied by biaxial fracture tests in compression and torsion loading; multiaxial fracture statistics was applied to the measured fracture envelope. The ratio KIIC/KIC obtained from the biaxial tests was higher than that obtained by the mixed-mode fracture toughness tests. It revealed that the fracture from an artificial flaw does not simulate the fracture from a naturall flaw in polycrystalline ceramics.