A novel spray deposition technology with characteristic of the movable crucible, has been developed to prepare aluminum alloy and aluminum alloy matrix composite rings with large dimensions. The influences of process parameters on the microstructure and properties of the as-deposited rings were systematically investigated and the process parameters were optimized. Up to now, 7075Al/SiCp and A356/SiCp composite rings with the outer diameter of 1200mm, the inner diameter of 600mm and the thickness of 250mm, and LF6 aluminum alloy ring with the outer diameter of 3500mm, the inner diameter of 3100mm and the thickness of 250mm have been produced respectively. All the as-deposited performs were featured with the grain size about 3~5µm and a homogeneous distribution of ceramic particles the cooling rate up to 104K/s. Moreover, no cracking occurred in the performs because of the lower inner stress. The experimental results indicated that this novel technology was a promising and viable mean for the preparation of metal rings.