Paper Title:
Semiconductor-Mediated Photocatalysed Degradation of Various Pesticide Derivatives and Other Priority Organic Pollutants in Aqueous Suspensions
  Abstract

The photocatalysed degradation of various selected pesticide derivatives, namely N,NDimethyl- a-phenyl benzene acetamide (Diphenamid) [1], 1,2-diethyl phthalate (DEP) [2], 5-bromo- 3-sec.butyl-6-methyl uracil (Bromacil) [3], 3-tert-butyl-5-chloro-6-methyluracil (Terbacil), 2,4,5- tribromoimidazole (TBI) [4], Methoxychlor, Chlorothalonil and Disulfoton [5] as well as that of two selected priority organic pollutants, namely benzidine and 1,2-diphenyhydrazine (DPH) [6], has been investigated in aqueous suspensions of titanium dioxide (TiO2) under a variety of conditions. The degradation was studied by monitoring the change in substrate concentration employing UV spectroscopic analysis or HPLC technique and the decrease in total organic carbon (TOC) content, respectively, as a function of irradiation time. The degradation kinetics was studied under different conditions such as reaction pH, substrate and photocatalyst concentration, type of photocatalysts and the presence of alternative additives such as H2O2, KBrO3 and (NH4)2S2O8 besides molecular oxygen. The degradation rates and the photonic efficiencies were found to be strongly influenced by the above parameters. A toxicity test was performed for irradiated samples of few selected systems measuring the luminescence of bacteria Vibrio fischeri after 30 minutes of incubation.

  Info
Periodical
Materials Science Forum (Volumes 486-487)
Edited by
Hyung Sun Kim, Sang-Yeop Park, Bo Young Hur and Soo Wohn Lee
Pages
61-64
DOI
10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.486-487.61
Citation
D. W. Bahnemann, M. Muneer, M. Qamar, M.A. Rahman, H.K. Singh, "Semiconductor-Mediated Photocatalysed Degradation of Various Pesticide Derivatives and Other Priority Organic Pollutants in Aqueous Suspensions", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 486-487, pp. 61-64, 2005
Online since
June 2005
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