Electrically conductive and wear resistant Si3N4-based composites were developed in order to facilitate electrical discharge machining (EDM). The microstructural and mechanical properties of Si3N4-based composites with different amounts of TiC0.5N0.5, fabricated by hot pressing at 1650°C for 1 hour, are investigated and evaluated. The hardness of the micron-sized TiC0.5N0.5 powder based composites increased with increasing TiC0.5N0.5 content from 20 up to 40 vol. %, whereas the bending strength decreased. The fracture toughness reached a maximum at 30 vol. % TiC0.5N0.5 and exhibits a strong anisotropy with respect to the hot-pressing direction. The EDM behaviour of the composites is strongly influenced by the TiC0.5N0.5 content. The composites with a higher TiC0.5N0.5 content have a lower material removal rate but a better surface quality.