A new model of strain induced precipitation in niobium microalloyed austenite is proposed. This is based on the experimental observation of formation of microbands during hot deformation of iron – 30% nickel, which remains austenitic to room temperature. Precipitates are preferentially nucleated on nodes in the dislocation network in the microbands. This geometry enables features of earlier models to be simply explained, and facilitates extension of the model to multipass deformation. It is shown that the model captures all the essential features of previous experimental observations on microalloyed C – Mn steels. Currently, sensitivity analysis of the model and systematic experimental work are being undertaken to quantitatively validate the model.