This study performs molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to investigate the tensile behavior of Helical Multi-Shell (HMS) gold nanowires. As their name suggests, these nanowires have a multi-shell helical structure rather than a conventional bulk FCC structure. The mechanical properties and deformation behaviors of the 7-1, 11-4 and 14-7-1 HMS structures are examined under tensile testing at temperatures between 4K and 300 K and a constant strain rate of 0.003% −1 ps . The results reveal that temperature influences the yielding stress, the Young’s modulus, and the deformation behaviors of HMS nanowires. The yielding stress of the 7-1 structure is found to be higher than that of the 11-4 or 14-7-1 structures. Finally, under different temperature conditions, many different close-packed structures are identified in the nanowires before they fracture.