The effects of hBN content on microstructure, mechanical properties, and machinability of the pressureless-sintered Si3N4 ceramics were investigated. Flexural strength, Young’s modulus, and hardness decreased with increasing h-BN content. The mechanical properties are decreased mainly because of increased porosity of composite, and the much lower Young's modulus of BN compared to that of Si3N4. Pressureless-sintered Si3N4/hBN composites exhibit strong texture of BN grains oriented with the c-axis parallel to the cold-pressing direction. Cutting resistance of Si3N4 ceramic composites with more than 10 vol% hBN decreased with increasing hBN content, demonstrating a good machinability of the composites. The residual pores can be attributed to improved machinability of pessureless-sintered Si3N4-BN composite.