While more attention has been paid in recent years to urban point source pollution control, no considerable measures have been taken to control urban non-point source pollution. Contaminants from non-point sources deposited on urban impermeable surfaces such as road and highway are easily released to the public waters by rainfall, leading to the deterioration in water quality in urban area. Experiments were performed using a reactor and real rainwater runoff obtained from road surfaces at various pollutant loading and rainfall intensity to determine the criteria for the first flush rainwater and to evaluate the applicability of the reactor for treating road runoff. The results at different rainfall intensities show that the medium PPB is superior to the other media for water permeability. PPB was not blocked at 10 mm/hr rainfall, and its permeability was stable. On the other hand, PVS and PPF resulted in a substantial overflow ratio even at 1 mm/hr rainfall intensity. Comparison of treatment efficiencies for suspended solids showed that all media showed similar removal efficiency ranging from 91% to 95%. However, PPB seems to be better than the other media considering its higher water permeability. PPB and PPF, both hydrophobic, yielded over 76% of heavy metal removal. But the hydrophilic media PVS showed much smaller removal efficiency ranging from 26% to 47%. The treatment efficiencies over PAHs (Poly Aromatic Hydrocarbons) showed the similar removal efficiency ranging from 66% to 97% for all three media. In this study a reactor using filter media was investigated to reduce the level of contamination in urban road runoff.