Control and prediction of the dimensional changes (DC) during austempering heat treatment of ductile iron is difficult because many factors influence this behavior. In the present work cylindrical specimens of ductile iron were used to study the effect of austenitizing temperature, austempering time, temperature, and prior microstructure on DC. The results show that DC increases with increasing austenitizing temperature in the range of 850 to 950°C with a fully ausferrite microstructure. Evaluation of different combinations of ferrite and pearlite contents in prior microstructure indicates that a fully ferritic structure has the highest DC. In addition, results show that by lowering austempering temperature from 400 to 250°C, DC increases.