Processing through the application of severe plastic deformation (SPD) has become important over the last decade because it is now recognized that it provides a simple procedure for producing fully-dense bulk metals with grain sizes lying typically in the submicrometer range. There are two major procedures for SPD processing. First, equal-channel angular pressing (ECAP) refers to the repetitive pressing of a metal bar or rod through a die where the sample is constrained within a channel bent through an abrupt angle at, or close to, 90 degrees. Second, high-pressure torsion (HPT) refers to the procedure in which the sample, generally in the form of a thin disk, is subjected to a very high pressure and concurrent torsional straining. Both of these processes are capable of producing metallic alloys with ultrafine grain sizes and with a reasonable degree of homogeneity. Furthermore, the samples produced in this way may exhibit exceptional mechanical properties including high strength at ambient temperature through the Hall-Petch relationship and a potential superplastic forming capability at elevated temperatures. This paper reviews these two procedures and gives examples of the properties of aluminum alloys after SPD processing.