Microstresses due to intergranular and inter-phase interactions in an austenitic-ferritic super duplex steel (SAF 2507) under uniaxial compressive deformation have been studied by in-situ neutron diffraction experiments. Lattice strains of several hkl planes of austenite respective ferrite were mapped as a function of sample direction at a number of load levels during loading into the plastic regime and unloading. The analysis of the experimental results has shown that during loading both grain-orientation-dependent and inter-phase stresses were generated under plastic deformation that was inhomogeneous at the microstructural level. Residual stresses depending on the grain-orientation and phase have been found after unloading. The results also indicate stronger intergranular interactions among the studied hkl planes of austenite than those of ferrite.