The effects of argon and nitrogen bombardment of 3C-SiC surfaces at acceleration voltages below 2 keV were studied by stylus profilometry, reflectometry, reflection high energy electron diffraction and Auger electron spectroscopy (AES). The erosion rate of the SiC surface was determined. It was found that the sputtering rate for argon was three times higher compared to nitrogen. AES measurements revealed argon and nitrogen incorporation at a depth of a few nanometers as well as stoichiometric changes at the same depth scale independent of the acceleration voltage. In the case of the interaction of nitrogen ions with the 3C-SiC surface the formation of a SiCNalloy was detected.