Among ceramic materials, the alumina has high importance because of its characteristics of resistance and refractory. The possibility to improve the final characteristics of this material, open possibilities for new applications. The aim of this work is to synthesize (α-Al2O3) alumina powders by combustion reaction and to evaluate the effect of the urea content in the final characteristics of the α-Al2O3 powders. Three compositions were studied : a) stoichiometric, b) with 10% of urea reduction and c) with 20% of urea reduction. The initial solution composition was based on the total valence of the reagents by using chemical concepts of the propellant. This powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), granulometric determination by laser diffraction, nitrogen adsorption by BET, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), infrared spectroscopy (IR) and helium picnometer. The results showed that the urea reduction change the temperature of the reaction from 525 to 463oC , the characteristics of the powders, and principally the reduction of the particles size.