The laser shocking to the Al2O3 ceramics was proceeded, and the fracture microphology that formed from the strong laser shock processing (LSP) was analyzed by the Scanning electron microscopy (SEM). It was discovered that the feature of ceramics responds differently when the laser energy was changed. The brittle fracture that consists of intergranular fracture and cleavage fracture was the main mode under high energy laser shocking (laser pulse enegry: 42J); the macroscopical fracture characteristic was the radial crack. When the laser energy reduced to a fit level (25J), the brittle fracture of ceramics appears to the characteristic of plastic deformation, its fracture microphology appears lots of slippage lines, and the macroscopical feature of radial crack under 42J become subulate crack. While the energy reduced to 15J, the Al2O3 ceramics did not fracture, its micro-hardness ascended, a feature of micro-plastic deformation was existed under the low energy. The reason of the brittle materials appears to the feature of plastic deformation was analyzed.