A kind of brazed monolayer diamond grinding wheel was developed with a relatively regular distribution of grains on the wheel surface. Grinding performances of this kind of brazed wheel in the surface grinding of cemented carbide were studied. The experiment results show that the grinding forces ratio becomes higher with the increasing of the maximum undeformed chip thickness and the specific energy falls with the material removal rate during grinding cemented carbide process. Under certain grinding conditions, the material was removed almost through plastic deformation and good surface quality is gained. Furthermore, the grits of the brazed diamond grinding wheel fail mainly in attritious wear modes other than pull-out ones in conventional electroplated and sintered diamond tools, which indicates that the strong retention of brazing alloy to the diamond grits and longer service life of this kind of wheel.