The effect of the methods for preparing powder blend by conventional milling (Me+Al particles), attriting (Me/Al/ Me/Al composite particles), and plating of Me by Al (Me/Al composite particles) on the structure, internal stress level, and compactability of the powder blends as well as the structure and phase composition of the MeAl compacts was investigated. The Me+Al→MeAl exothermic reaction of these powders occurs at T≥650°C. The reaction sintering (RS) or hightemperature self-propagation synthesis (HTSPS) occurs through the formation of Al melt (liquidphase reaction) and lower-melting MeAl3, Me2Al3, Me3Al aluminides. An increase in the level of internal stresses (IS) upon attritting activates RS at lower temperatures and decreases the value of high-temperature exoeffect. This suppresses the HTSPS development. A large high-temperature exoeffect ensures the intensity and completeness of the reaction interaction, and the application of pressure upon RS or HTSPS provides a high, near-theoretical density of the compacted material.