Hydroxyapatite (HAp) coatings were formed on cp titanium plates and rods by the thermal substrate method in an aqueous solution that included 0.3 mM Ca(H2PO4)2 and 0.7 mM CaCl2. The coating experiments were conducted at 40-140 oC and pH = 8 for 15 or 30 min. The properties for the coated samples were studied using XRD, EDX, FT-IR, and SEM. All the specimens were covered with HAp, which had different surface morphologies such as net-like, plate-like and needle-like. After cleaning and sterilization, all the coated specimens were subjected to in vivo and vitro testing. In the in vitro testing, the mouse osteoblast-like cells (MC3T3-E1) were cultured on the coated and non-coated specimens for up to 30 days. Moreover, the specimens (φ2 x 5 mm) were implanted in rats femoral for up to 8 weeks, the osseoinductivity on them were evaluated. In in vitro evaluations, there were not significant differences between the different surface morphologies. In in vivo evaluations, however, two weeks postimplantation, new bone formed on both the HAp coated and non-coated titanium rods in the cancellous and cortical bone. The bone-implant contact ratio, which was used for the evaluation of new bone formation, was significantly dependent on the surface morphology of the HAp, and the results demonstrated that the needle-like coating appears to promote rapid bone formation.