Plasma sprayed coatings have been widely applied in modifying surface properties of metal components. It is also useful to prevent various types of wear, corrosion, erosion and thermal. But the residual stress is still an important problem which can effect the properties of sprayed coating. So it’s necessary to find out the reason of residual stress and the relationship between plasma sprayed condition and residual stress. Plasma spray coating layers with conventional ZrO2 powder was examined to calculate residual stress by X-ray diffraction method with various coating thickness.