In this paper the composite fracture process has been simulated via the finite element method. A micromechanics model was developed to predict the stress-strain response of a SiO2f/ SiO2 composite explicitly accounting for the local damage mechanisms such as fiber fracture and interfacial debonding. The effects of interfacial strength and fiber volume fraction on the toughness of fiber-reinforced ceramic matrix composites were investigated. The results showed that the composite failure behaviors correlated with the interface strength, which could achieve an optimum value for the elevation of the composite toughness. The increase of fiber volume fraction can make more toughening contributions.