Ductility of Mg – alloys is linked to a shortage of independent slip systems. Basaltextured samples of Mg-Al-Zn alloy are examined for presence of dislocations of different types after hot compression tests of cast samples and cold compression tests of hot-rolled samples. The JEM-1000, electron transmission microscope with an accelerating voltage of 750 kV using a dark field–weak beam method of observation and the g·b=0 invisibility criterion as a basic method of the analysis of Burgers vectors, is used to analyse the samples. Dislocations with Burgers vectors , [c] and are found. The results are used to evaluate the dislocation density and determine the possible dislocation reactions.