A combined model is presented that predicts the non-uniform distribution of Al3X dispersoid particles in commercial aluminium alloys containing zirconium and scandium and uses these predictions as inputs to a simple recrystallization model. The recrystallization model relies on knowledge of the stored energy in the sub-structure after deformation and this has been measured using electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD) techniques. The recrystallization model is based on the concept that partial recrystallization results from the non-uniform distribution of dispersoid particles due to their precipitation from a segregated cast structure. The model has been used to devise an improved homogenization treatment for AA7050, which uses an isothermal hold during heat up to maximize dispersoid nucleation. It has also been applied to predict the effect of scandium additions on recrystallization, investigate the factors that control the through thickness variation in recrystallized fraction, and interpret the results of experiments where the effect of strain rate have been studied.