This paper investigates the surface texture evolution during α−γ−α phase transformation. After austenite annealing of the cold rolled sheets a weak texture was formed at the surface of ultra low carbon steel alloyed with Mn and Al. This texture consists of <100>//ND and <110>//ND fiber orientations with an intensity of approximately 2 X random. This surface texture is confined to a mono-layer of surface grains which are in direct contact with the metal/vapour interface. In order to interpret this surface effect, two alternative mechanisms were considered: (i) one assumption attributes the occurrence of the specific surface texture to the minimization of the outer surface energy and (ii) according to an alternative hypothesis the release of elastic work parallel to ND in the surface area is responsible for the observed surface fibers. After analyzing the experimental data it is concluded that the evidence in support of hypothesis (i) is the more convincing in this experiment.