An assessment of the inhomogeneity of microstructure generated within plane strain compression test specimens has been performed using the nickel based superalloy, Waspaloy. Two variables were investigated: the effect of strain rate and the effect of friction at the tool/specimen interface. Tests were performed at 1040°C at nominal strain rates of 0.01 and 1 s-1 with and without a glass based lubricant. At the low strain rate the microstructure was relatively homogeneous regardless of the friction conditions. At the high strain rate there was significant microstructure variation from surface to mid plane which was further exaggerated by increased friction. Quantification of the inhomogeneity, however, is non-trivial in this alloy due to the complicated recrystallisation behaviour it exhibits and difficulty in differentiating between recrystallised and non-recrystallised grains.