Silk fibroin (SF), isolated from silkworm (Bombyx mori) cocoons, is a natural biodegradable polymer. Over the past decade, there was some interest in using SF as a biomedical material. As part of a project to develop tissue-engineered constructs for the surgical restoration of the ocular surface (cornea, conjunctiva), we have investigated the capacity of SF to function as a substratum for the attachment and growth of corneal stem/progenitor cells harvested from the corneoscleral limbus of donor human corneal tissue. SF membranes were produced from cocoons following a protocol involving successive dissolution steps, filtration, dialysis, evaporation, and methanol treatment. Human limbal epithelial cells were harvested from donor tissue and seeded onto SF membranes. After 5 days, the culture was fixed and stained with specific agents to visualize the cells. The study indicated profuse cellular attachment and growth. SF membranes appear to be suitable as a substratum for the repair of damaged ocular surface.