The current-carrying wear characteristics of Ti3AlC2 sliding against low-carbon steel were investigated. Tests were carried out using a block-on-disk type friction tester, with sliding speeds of 20~60 m/s, normal pressures range in 0.4~ 0.8 MPa, and the current intensity of 0 A, 50 A and 100 A. The Ti3AlC2 showed good current-carrying wear properties. At the sliding speed of 20 m/s, the wear rate of the Ti3AlC2 (× 10-6 mm3/Nm) was varied in the range of (2.05 ~ 2.41), (2.64 ~ 2.39) and (6.26 ~ 3.62), under the current of 0 A, 50 A and 100 A, respectively. Both the surfaces of Ti3AlC2 and the steel were covered by a frictional film, which was consisted of iron titanate (Fe2.25Ti0.75O4) and aluminum iron oxide (AlFeO3). The wear rate of Ti3AlC2 with current was composed of two parts: the interaction of micro-arc ablation and mechanical friction, and the coupled action of thermal and mechanical effect. Which one will be the main mechanism depends on the material parameters of Ti3AlC2 and the mechanical parameters such as the normal pressure or the sliding speed.