In this study, the destruction of concrete block using underwater shock wave generated by high current is studied. A metal wire was connected to an electrode and a high voltage impulsive current was passed through it to generate the underwater shock wave. The underwater shock wave was investigated by optical observation using a high-speed camera and pressure measurement. A comparison was made on the shock wave generated from the electrode with and without connecting it to a metal wire. The underwater shock wave generated from electrode without metal wire showed the existence of many shock waves by continuous plasma within discharge duration, and the duration of the pressure pulse was long in this case. The peak pressure of underwater shock wave generated from metal wire explosion was higher than the previous case due to the reaction of metal vapor and water, whereas the pressure duration was less. The concrete block was efficiently destructed by the effect of underwater shock pressure of high impulse. The high peak pressure and long duration are necessary for the destruction of concrete block. It is suggested that high pressure induces crack to the structure, and the long pulse duration destructs the structure.