A shock compaction method using an underwater shockwave is used to consolidate the Cu/graphite and Ni/graphite composites. The copper powder (particle size < 45 m) and nickel powder (particle size < 150 m) were respectively mixed with the graphite powder (particle size < 45 m, purity 99.9%). The propagation phenomenon of underwater shock wave is studied by means of numerical analysis (LS-DYNA 3D) in terms of the magnitude and distribution of shock pressure impinged on the powder surface. The shock pressure of underwater shock wave obtained from shock compaction device is approximately 16 GPa. To make a big size material (ø30mm), we changed the inner size of powder container from ø10 mm to ø30 mm. We confirmed that the consolidation possibility of the big size composite materials (Cu/graphite, Ni/graphite) by the shock compaction method using underwater shock wave.