The properties of polyethylene doped with Ca2+ salt of oxidized cellulose was studied by different techniques. FTIR spectroscopy was used for the determination of crystalline phase in polymer film, surface wettability was determined by standard goniometry and surface morphology was examined by SEM microscopy. Adhesion of mouse 3T3 fibroblasts on the doped polymer was studied in vitro. It was found that the polyethylene doped with the cellulose derivative can be sterilized in boiling water. The number and homogeneity of adhering cells were shown to depend on the surface wettability and morphology.