The extractives from the fresh E. urograndis wood were obtained through red 1%NaOH solution. The chemical components for the extractives were identified by GC-MS. Relative content of each chemical component was determined by area normalization. Ninteen kinds of compounds representing 52.99% of the extractives which take on 36 peaks were identified. The result showed that the principal constituents were 9-octadecenoic acid (z)-, methyl ester (cas) (11.34%), 3-diphenyl-5-(3-methoxyphenyl)pyrrole(10.77%), hexadecanoic acid, methyl ester (cas) (6.23%), 9,12-octadecadienoic acid (z,z)-, methyl ester(6.16%), 9-octadecenoic acid (z)-, ethyl ester (cas) (3.17%), di-(9-octadecenoyl)-glycerol(3.14%), hexadecanoic acid, ethyl ester (cas) (1.93%), ethyl linoleate(1.81%), 3-acetoxychol-5-ene(1.62%), ethyl linoleate(1.60%), octadecanoic acid, methyl ester(1.05%)and so on. Therefore, this result reported in the present study for the first time provides the scientific basis for the further exploitation and development of E. urograndis wood. At the same time, the pollution prevention of the waste water of paper mill, wood industry would being realized from the results.