Paper Title:
Research on Closed Die Forging Process of Car Steering Knuckle
  Abstract

Steering knuckle, which has strict requirements with regard to dimensional precision and quality, is a key component in cars. Conventional plastic forming methods are involved with intricate procedures and high energy consumptions. Normally, a 40 MN hot die forging press or a 100 KJ electro-hydraulic hammer is required to produce the steering knuckle. Closed die forging, which is a new precision forming technology developed in recent years, has some virtues, such as good mechanical properties, easy to form and improving of metal plastic deformation. Aiming at Jetta steering knuckle in this paper, the technology of two forging steps in one heat is presented. This technology is mainly composed of precision pre-forging, which is a closed die extrusion with the extrusion belt, and open finish-forging. The pre-forging process and finish-forging process are numerically simulated using the FEM software DEFORM-3D. For the closed die extrusion forming process, which is the key component of the technology, some key problems were researched, such as the flowing and filling regularity, extrusion-belt length, punch size, punch movement, lubrication and the relationship between the clamping pressure and the extrusion pressure. For the finish-forging process, the flowing and filling regularity of the finish-forging part was studied to verify the correct shape and dimension of the pre-forging part. Numerical simulation with regard to the pre-forging process shows that the closed die forging can not only help to form the pre-forging part, but also decrease the extrusion pressure to be less than 8 MN, extend the mould’s service life and increase the utilization ratio of materials to be more than 75%. Numerical simulation of the finish-forging process shows that the pre-forging part design is rational. In addition, the forging experiments were carried out using the dies designed in particular. The experiments show that the technology is feasible and can markedly improve the mechanical property of the forging piece.

  Info
Periodical
Materials Science Forum (Volumes 575-578)
Edited by
Jitai NIU, Zuyan LIU, Cheng JIN and Guangtao Zhou
Pages
204-209
DOI
10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.575-578.204
Citation
D. Y. Zhao, L. D. Zhang, H. X. Sun, "Research on Closed Die Forging Process of Car Steering Knuckle", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 575-578, pp. 204-209, 2008
Online since
April 2008
Export
Price
$32.00
Share

In order to see related information, you need to Login.

In order to see related information, you need to Login.

Authors: Yun Huang, Z. Huang, Q.S. Xu, W. Zhou
Abstract:This paper describes abrasive belt grinding experiment method and studies grinding force alternation regular pattern and feature in the...
726
Authors: J.F. Li, Suo Long Zhang
Abstract:In this paper, the research and development of the distribution of air-holes in the groove of air-cushion belt conveyor were introduced. The...
635
Authors: Zhi Huang, Yun Huang, Yue Yu Wu, Wei Wen Zhang
Abstract:A new maching method of pretreatment magnesium alloy surface was design based on abrasive belt grinding technology, which offered a kind of...
975
Authors: Qing Bao Wei, Xin Chen, Da Yu Zheng
Abstract:V-belt is made of a special anisotropic material, its material and pulley groove structure make the V-belt drive mechanics complicated. The...
357
Authors: Muhamad Sani Buang, Shahrul Azam Abdullah, Juri Saedon, Yupiter H.P. Manurung, Mohd Shahir Mohd Hairuni, Hashim Abdullah
Abstract:Springback is the phenomenon in which the material strip unbends itself after forming process. It is caused by the geometrical, mechanical...
154