The paper presents the results of the transmission electron microscopic (TEM) investigation of the structure and phase composition of nanocrystalline copper obtained by the severe plastic deformation using the high pressure torsion (HPT) method. Special attention is paid to the triple junctions of grain boundaries. It was established that the triple junctions contained the partial disclinations and particles of the secondary phases. The dependences of such junction fractions on the deformation were measured of the formation at nanocrystalline copper. The phase analyses of the secondary phase structure were carried out, the sizes of the phase particles and their volume fractions were determined. The bending – torsion of the crystal lattice arising near the triple junctions was measured. The problem of the long – range stress field screening was considered.