The strain rate sensitivity of the aluminium alloy AA6061 has been investigated in a conventional grain sized (CG) state and in two different ultrafine grained (UFG) conditions processed by Equal Channel Angular Pressing (ECAP) for 2 and 6 passes at 100o C. Strain rate jump tests in compression were performed at different temperatures and the strain-rate sensitivity exponent m was determined. The tests were accomplished by microstructural investigations before and after compression testing in CG and UFG conditions. It is shown that all UFG microstructures exhibit strongly increased strain-rate sensitivity (SRS) compared to the CG state. The SRS increases with increasing temperature and is more pronounced for the UFG material processed using 6 ECAP passes. The microstructural investigations show a rather high stability of the grain structure for the UFG conditions up to 250o C. The results are discussed with respect to the relevant deformation mechanisms.