Poly(vinyl alcohol)/carbon nanotube (CNT) composite nanofibers were processed by both conventional and needleless electrospinning method. The effect of the processing parameters on the possibility of manufacturing was investigated. The results were evaluated by surface tension and conductivity measurements. For the investigation of surface morphology scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used. It was concluded that surface treatment of carbon nanotubes was necessary for needleless electrospinning. Lower surface tensions were better for this process but the effect of conductivity was not so significant.