The addition of nanometric particles of a second phase into ceramics matrix is one of the most recent alternatives in the development of materials with high mechanical properties and wear resistance. These nanostructured materials can be defined as systems that have at least one microstructural characteristic of nanometric dimensions (less 100nm). In this work aluminadiamond nanocomposites were produced using diamond nanometric powders obtained by high energy milling. Diamond powder was produced in the SPEX shaker/mill during 6h, with a ball-tomass ratio of 4:1. The crystallite size was 30nm. After the elimination of the Fe deriving of the contamination during the milling, and desaglomeration, this nanometric powder was added in the alumina matrix in the ratio of 5wt%. The powder densification was performed by hot pressing sintering. The obtained nanocomposites were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and microhardness, and they have promising characteristics regarding abrasion and wear resistance.