Grain boundary engineering (GBE) was employed to improve the oxide exfoliation resistance and mitigate oxide growth by optimizing the grain boundary character distribution. Studies were performed on alloys of Incoloy 800H and Inconel 617. Alloys 800H and 617 were selected due to their potential applications for the Generation IV nuclear power systems. The effect of GBE on the corrosion response was evaluated using supercritical water exposure tests and cyclic oxidation tests. The microstructure of the tested samples was analyzed by means of optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, electron backscatter diffraction, and gravimetry. The effects of thermal expansion mismatch and Cr volatilization on the corrosion response are discussed.